Choosing the best whitening toothpaste can be tricky unless you know what to expect from the type of stain removal utility it offers. And for that, you should really visit your dentist. For now, we could go into some detail regarding why our teeth need to be whitened at all.
How do teeth turn yellow?
In a nutshell, tooth consists of an outer, translucent layer of enamel (the visible white part) and an inner layer of dentin. There is no one alive whose teeth do not yellow with age. The reason for this is, the dentin begins to grow yellowish naturally as we age. Also, secondary dentin layers are continuously being formed. In contrast to this, the enamel normally thins with age, and the tooth, as a whole, begins to look yellow.
However, in addition to this natural process, our food habits and bad habits contribute to staining of teeth. People who smoke regularly, drink a lot of coffee and alcohol, and especially those that chew tobacco stain their teeth more than the ones that do not. A film (called pellicle) forms over the enamel layer without any extra effort on your part; this film is an accumulation of foreign substances on the teeth – normal eating will contribute to its formation; cigarette and coffee only make things worse.
Types of stains
Choosing the best whitening toothpaste requires you to know whether you will be cleaning surface stains or stains that have reached inside the enamel. The enamel is a porous layer made of hydroxyapatite crystals. Consequently, it is possible for staining substances to reach inside it. The outer layer of enamel is cleaned by normal toothpastes as well. Whitening toothpastes do a better job of it by using specialized cleaning agents. These include mild abrasives that scour away the surface of the teeth, removing superficial stains. In order to remove stains that have formed inside the enamel, a chemical reaction, oxidation specifically, is induced to literally break down the stains.
Whitening agents in toothpastes
Removal of surface stains is effected by combining micro-granules with the toothpaste; these remove stains through abrasive action. Micro granules can be made from dicalcium phosphate, alumina, calcium carbonate, or silica. Sodium lauryl sulfate is another substance that is found in many whitening toothpastes, and it practically acts like soap and cleans the outer layer through a foaming action on brushing.
Carbamide Peroxide and Hydrogen Peroxide are bleaching agents that clean through oxidation. Cleaning is done in the same way a 30% dilution of Hydrogen Peroxide cleans a kitchen table – through hyper-oxygenation that burns away foreign particles. Obviously, in whitening toothpastes the dilution is higher. Since the contact with teeth while brushing lasts no more than a minute or two, best results are seen when the toothpaste is used for at least 4 weeks.
Polyvinylpyrrolidone is a protective substance that prevents or slows down formation of stains – this is good for maintaining teeth that you have managed to whiten already.
Enzymes such as papain and citric acid are also included in some whitening toothpastes (particularly the ones that claim to be organic or ‘natural’) to clean stains.
Types of whitening toothpastes
Some whitening toothpastes merely have a stronger concentration of abrasives or chemicals than normal toothpastes and their only function is to clean stains from your teeth. Others combine additional functions like prevention of cavities and cleaning of tartar.
Fluoride being a substance that is supposed to strengthen the enamel, many whitening toothpastes include it so that the abrasive action that invariably affects the enamel is counterbalanced. Triclosan is a common ingredient in toothpastes that also aim at tartar control – it kills some of the bacteria normally found in the mouth. Tartar control does not really break down tartar that is already formed – it actually prevents further formation of tartar by effectively breaking down the pellicle film – again, an enhanced form of cleaning that normal toothpastes offer.
How to choose the best whitening toothpaste
In the face of so much information, the easiest way to choose a whitening toothpaste may be to look for the seal of approval from the American Dental Association. However, not having the seal does not necessarily mean that the toothpaste is ineffective. A lot of money and time, testing and retesting is required to get the seal, and not all companies may care to apply. Assuming the ingredient label reads true – as it must, unless the company is asking for a lawsuit that is bound to come sooner or later, it is possible for you to choose the toothpaste that is best for you.
If you have teeth, you will most likely have both internal and external stains. It makes sense, therefore, to choose a toothpaste that does not rely only on one method of cleaning. Next, look for fluoride just in case the abrasive action proves to be a bit too much for your enamel. Once you have isolated toothpastes that fulfill these criteria, look for additional benefits like anit-cavity action and tartar control. Prices do not differ a great deal, and you might as well get yourself an all round dental health benefit if you are going to use the toothpaste on a regular basis.
When you simply must have sparkling teeth whether or not deeper stains have been removed, toothpastes containing covarine, a blue chemical, is ideal because it adheres to the teeth surface and makes them appear whiter than they really are. This, of course, is a temporary measure, strictly a cosmetic effect for a special evening, perhaps. You will still need the abrasive and bleaching actions for any real whitening of your teeth.
What to avoid
It may be best to avoid toothpastes that contain sodium lauryl sulfate since this can irritate the gums and worsen canker sores if you happen to be suffering from them. You should be wary of using whitening toothpastes (or whitening agents of any kind, including gels and strips) if you have cavities that need treatment or have been filled previously, or if you have gum problems. The chemicals in whitening toothpastes can cause unpredictable reactions to a mouth that is not completely healthy. We should reiterate in conclusion that when choosing the best whitening toothpaste, you should consult your dentist first to rule out unexpected complications that are best prevented than cured.
There are many ways to get white teeth fast. However, the one that might work with another individual might not work for you. This is because of the difference in tooth sensitivity, level of color of your teeth among others. This article is going to look at some of the methods, most of which work for those who try.
Several factors may contribute to having colored teeth; the most common is not taking good care of your dental hygiene. Other causes include smoking and your drinking water among others. This can cause great levels of discomfort and even lower your self-esteem. Nevertheless, you need not worry. Through this article, you will learn some of the ways to get your teeth white within a short time.
This is one of the fastest methods to get your teeth white and bring back your bright and brilliant smile. Through the dentist, you will learn of different teeth whitening options depending on the level of paleness/coloring of your teeth. One of the most common methods dentist use is chair-side bleaching.
It involves applying a bleaching product to your teeth. This process takes quite a while before you realize results and may need more than one visit, and each treatment session takes about 30 to 60 minutes. To hasten the whitening process, the dentist may at times use laser. The dentist may also decide to give to you a similar product to use while at home for some days instead of taking you through chair-side bleaching.
Whitening toothpaste may not give you an instant result, but it will get rid of the surface stains, therefore producing white-looking teeth. However, white toothpaste will not eliminate stains that penetrate your tooth’s surface. It is good at keeping your teeth white, especially if you have just gone through a bleaching treatment and want to remove smoke and coffee stains.
At –Home teeth whitening system
It consists of over-the-counter gels and trays, and whitening strips that require you to apply to your teeth several times before you retire to bed or 10 minutes every morning before going to work. The over-the-counter gels and trays needs you a tray, add gel in it until full and put the tray that forms in your mouth. This method may take several weeks for your teeth to be completely white.
Whitening strips on the other hand incorporates hydrogen peroxide on polyethylene strip, which you will you will put directly on your teeth. This method gives faster results compared to many others. It is the best method in case you have a time limit of 2 weeks to get your teeth white, but you should take caution to avoid resting the strip on your gums or burning your figures. You can read more at teeth whitening at home.
Brushing and flossing
This helps get rid of stains that have just accumulated on your teeth. It requires you to brush well and for the required number on minutes (2 minutes) while focusing on your teeth front to eliminate the obvious film and stains.
This works in an interesting manner. On biting an apple, it brightens your teeth by removing the film and stain that makes them appear dingy. It requires you to bite the apple using your front teeth, and sinking them in up to the gums. It works perfectly with a fresh and firm apple. Other fruits include pears and celery that cause high levels of saliva production, which in turn wash the stains and film away.
Taking a lot of water help whiten your teeth by washing away sugar, remaining bits of food and other debris, which accumulate on your teeth making them to appear dull.
Chew a sugarless-whitening gum
It helps eliminate bits of food and other debris that have accumulated on your teeth, thus temporarily brightening them.
Rinse with peroxide
Take a few tablespoons of this substance into your mouth. Swish it for at least a minute, spit it out, and then clean your mouth using clean water. Alternatively, you can dip a clean cotton ball or piece of cloth into the peroxide and then use it to rub your teeth, ensuring that they coat completely. Leave them for a minute and clean your mouth using clean water.
These are some of the best and most efficient ways to get white teeth fast and you can be sure of not going wrong with any of them.
Are you tired of looking for the best and safe whitening toothpaste? Then you are in the right place. There are those among us that are afraid of smiling on photos because their teeth are not as white as they should be. This is a problem that can be rectified by finding the right whitening toothpaste and adopting it in your daily routine. This toothpaste helps in reversing the discoloration as well as the stains that blemish your smile making it difficult for you to smile. That is why it is important to know how these toothpastes work. There are also limits to their effectiveness which we will learn about much later in this article.
The first thing we will look at is the ingredients that are used in these whitening toothpastes. There are quite a number of them in the market making it quite difficult for someone that is looking for one. The good news is that they all contain different ingredients. This work together to remove the surface stains on your teeth. Those in the dental profession refer to this stain as an extrinsic’ stain which is considered quite easy to remove. Some of the whitening toothpastes in the market contain bleaching agents that aid in improving the color of your teeth far beyond what the physical cleaning will do. Some of them include the various types’ peroxide which are mainly found in strips, whitening gels and in a few of the whitening toothpastes available.
Most of the regular toothpaste we have contain varieties of baking soda and silica. These two ingredients are known as abrasives which are intended to polish the surface of one’s teeth getting rid of the extrinsic stains found on the top layer of the enamel. If you are looking for safe whitening toothpaste then ensure that they contain these abrasive ingredients. Abrasives do not perform the whitening function effectively on their own. That is why they need to be combined with a bleaching agent. This is will bleach the enamel as well as help in getting rid of the surface stains found on the tooth.
For this whitening toothpaste to be effective, you would also have to brush correctly. If overused, abrasives can remove an excess amount of enamel thus causing damage to the structure of your teeth. That is why you should not brush too hard when using this type of toothpastes. It is also recommended that one use a soft bristles toothbrush for the best effects. One of the most home remedies for discoursed and yellow teeth is brushing with baking soda instead of using toothpaste. However, as indicated above this ingredient can be counterproductive when used in excess as it can erode the enamel.
Aside from the extrinsic stain that is found on the surface of the tooth, there is also the intrinsic stain that comes about when the dentin is affected. This happens when a person brushed too hard eroding the enamel and thus exposing the dentin. It tend to be a yellow layer. It is unfortunate that enamel cannot be replaced ones destroyed or eroded. In this case the safe whitening toothpaste is one that is used correctly and as directed. The bleaching agents used in the various toothpastes and whitening gels leaks through the enamel pores and tends to whiten the dentin. When brushing with toothpaste that contains a bleaching agent, it is important to note that this ingredient has a very short time to work. It is often used to maintain a brighter smile.
These toothpastes do not give instant results. Patience is required and effective results will be witnessed after about two to four weeks. All toothpastes contain ingredients that will whiten teeth by getting rid of the extrinsic surface stains. But whitening toothpastes contain additional bleaching agents that also whiten the intrinsic stains. Close to varieties in the market are considered good for your dental health. They contain fluoride that prevents tooth decay, sugar alcohols that aids in preventing plaque as well as foaming agents that help disperse the toothpaste and its various ingredients throughout the spaces found between the teeth to get rid of food particles.
A good and safe whitening toothpaste is one with the all these ingredients found in regular toothpaste but also a peroxide bleaching agent.